1. Can I define myself as a freelancer/self-employed (autónomo)?
Autónomo is the Spanish name for freelancer and self-employed. You can be defined as a freelancer if you sell something (whether it is a physical product or a service) in exchange for a monetary return. In this case, you need to register yourself as self-employed in Spain. Otherwise, the activity you carry out and the money you receive may be seen as illegal.
If you are an EU/EEA/Switzerland national, you can become self-employed in Spain easily.
But if you are from other countries: you need to:
Get a visa to enter Spain and then a valid working permit to make you self-employed. You can achieve it in the following ways:
Next, we will talk about how to apply for a working visa/working permit as a self-employed/freelancer.
2. How to apply for a working permit as a self-employed worker?
The first time you apply, you will be granted a self-employed working visa valid for 1 year. After 5 years of consecutive renewals, you can apply for a long-term residence.
You can check with your embassies or consulates to see if they accept the application of this visa type and other additional requirements. Besides the normal documents needed for a visa application; you need to prepare the following documents to apply for the visa:
Proof of training or qualifications necessary to carry out your job: eg, if you want to be a business consultant, you need to own at least a relevant bachelor's or master’s degree or other similar proof.
Sufficient economic means: You can get investments from your own funds, investors, or even Spanish banks that wish to boost the Spanish economy. The funding should cover at least your personal expenses and professional activities.
The viability assessment report of your business plan:
You need to first have a thoroughly written business plan with everything related to the business, such as marketing plan, financing plan, operations plan, and especially the expected positive outcome of your project during the first 3-5 years.
Then you need to send this plan to any of the following organizations to get a viability assessment report (a viability certificate):
Federación Nacional de Trabajadores Autónomos ATA
Unión de Profesionales y Trabajadores Autónomos UPTA
Confederación Intersectorial de Autónomos del Estado Español – CIAE
Organización Profesionales autónomos OPA
Unión de Asociaciones de trabajadores Autónomos y emprendedores UATAE
Once obtaining the certificate, you can then submit all the relevant documents to the consulate.
3. How can I register myself as a legal self-employed autónomo?
After having a legal identity that permits you to carry out freelance activities, you need to register yourself as a legal freelancer and:
Ourexpat insurance is not only 100% satisfactory visa insurance, but also the best private insurance in Spain with the broadest hospital network and advanced technology. We want to protect you while you are achieving new goals in your freelance career.
Check out this blog if you are curious about becoming a freelancer in Spain: